I tend to think that knowing a bit about the history of a place helps to understand it a bit better, and so for those of you who think like me, here’s a list of dates that have made an impact on the city.
- 200 BC – A Celtic tribe known as the Dumnonii were the first people to settle near the River Exe (Exe being Celtic for ‘The Water’)
- AD 49 – The Romans arrived under Vespasian and created a fortress called Isca Dumnoniorum.
- AD 410 – The Romans left Britain and the Saxons moved into the ‘Ceaster’ (the Saxon name for a Roman town) and called it Exe-Ceaster.
- 9th Century – Viking Raids
- 1000 – Exeter had become the 6th most prosperous town in England
- 1068 – William the Conqueror built Rougemont Castle after a rebellion against him.
- 1114 – Work started work on the Cathedral.
- 1497 – Perkin Warbeck rebellion
- 1549 – Prayer Book Rebellion
- 16th-18th century – The woollen industry brings prosperity to the city
- 1643 – Exeter which supported the Parliamentarians during the Civil War, surrenders to the Royalists
- 1942 – During April and May the city suffered bombing during the Baedecker Blitz
The list isn’t exhaustive, but a starting point for further research for anyone wishing to find out more. I highly recommend David Cornforth’s excellent Exeter Memories